FLAT WORK

 Flatwork is an essential element of competitive horseback riding, referring to the portion of the ride that takes place on a flat and even surface. During a normal equestrian event, horses will have to perform a series of jumps. In between and around these jumps are flat portions of ground where additional tricks and movements will be executed. Flatwork exercises will help improve your riding on these portions of the course.  

    Turning Your Horse

Turning To The Left
The rider first checks their position, then to turn the horse to the left, the rider looks to the left and turns slightly through their waist and shoulders into that direction. Then using the inside rein (left) the rider applies gentle pressure to ask the horse to look to the left, the rider should just be able to see the horses inside left eyelash, if the rider can see all of the horses left eye then they have over bent the horse. The riders outside (right) rein controls the amount of bend to the left and also controls your speed. The riders applies pressure on the girth with their inside (left) leg to encourage the horse to maintain forwards movement and to bend to the left where the bend gets pushed into the outside rein for control. The riders outside leg moves a couple of inches back behind the girth, pressure is only applied with the outside leg if the horse starts to fall out to the right during the turn to the left,it is at this point that the outside leg gently squeezes to help control the hindquarters.

Turning To The Right
The rider checks their position, then to turn to the right the rider looks to the right and turns through their waist and shoulders to the right, then using the inside (right) rein, gentle pressure is applied to ask the horse to look to the right. The outside ( left) rein controls the amount of bend and the speed at which the turn is done. The rider applies inside leg pressure on the girth with their right leg to encourage the horse to keep forwards movement, while the outside left leg moves back behind the girth to control the hindquarters through the turn.

Before turning your horse use a half halt to prepare them for the turn this helps to lighten the forehand and engage the hindquarters it also helps them to know that you are about to do something and therefore makes them more attentive to the aids when applied.
During the turn a half halt can also be used to rebalance a horse and stop any rushing from occurring, If a turn to the left is being ridden then the outside right rein will be used for the half halt and if a turn to the right is being ridden then the outside left rein will be used to ride the half halt.
Changes Of Rein
In any schooling session, several changes of rein are required. A change of rein is where a complete change of direction occurs. This helps to keep the horse supple on both sides as well as preventing boredom. There are seven official changes of rein, which when ridden correctly will allow the horse and rider to smoothly change the direction in balance and harmony. The seven changes of rein are

Long diagonal from M to K, H to F, K to M and F to H.
Short diagonal from H to B, K to B, F to E and M to E.

Up the centre line from A to C.

Across the middle from E to B.

Four loop serpentine.

Two half circles, either 10 meters or 20 meters. for example H half circle to G, and from G half circle to M to change the rein. Half 10 meter circle that returns to the track , these can be ridden from H returning at E or K,From K returning to E or H,from F returning to B or M and from M returning to B or F.

Circle

The three main sizes of circle, that are used when schooling or in competition are the 10 meter, 15 meter and 20 meter circle. When schooling they can be ridden anywhere in the school where space allows.
What to look for:

When a horse is on a circle it should be bending into the direction of the circle. Circles help to get the inside hind leg to push through and activate the horse from their hindquarters whist at the same time encouraging balance, suppleness and rhythm throughout their entire body. Whilst on a circle the horse should remain tracking up, with their head level and not tilting. The horse should have a slight bend to the inside, just enough so that the rider can see the corner of the inner eyelash as a guide if you can see the whole eye and side of the horses face you have too much bend.

Asking for a circle

To ask a horse to circle will require several aids in varying quantities. The inside rein asks for a slight amount of bend, to enable the horse to be looking into the direction it is moving in. The outside rein controls how much inside bend you have and it also controls the speed. The riders inside leg should remain on the girth, from here it encourages the horse forwards as well as asking the horse to bend around it. The riders outside leg moves back one to two inches to be behind the girth, it is the outside leg which helps to prevent the horse from falling out too wide. The rider should turn through their upper body so that their shoulders follow the horses shoulders and their hips follow their horses hips, This allows the rider to be following through with the horse on the circle.

Accurate riding of a circle

To ride an accurate circle takes time and practice. Good judgement of the height and width of the circle you have ridden are essential for assessing accuracy. Start off by placing cones at key points around your circle, imagine your circle as a clock face and place your cones at 12, 3, 6 and 9 o’clock respectively, this will mark out the four main quarter points of your circle, which allows you to curve around them. It is useful to start your circle off at a school marker, this will not only help to prevent drifting off course, but will also give you an exact place to start and finish.

Accurate 10m Circles

To ride an accurate 10 meter circle from the marker E in a school that is 20 by 40 meters, you can use the centre line as your height marker as this will be exactly 10 meters in from the track. Place a cone just off the centre line, so that when the circle is ridden the horse will pass straight over the marker x which is on the centre line. Place your second cone on an inner track opposite the marker E. Then find the centre point between X and E and pace the distance from the centre to E, return to the centre and pace the distance out to either side of the centre placing a cone at the quarter and three quarter point.

Accurate 15m Circles

To ride an accurate 15 meter circle, you can use the cones in the same way as with the 10 meter by placing them at quarter points. To judge the height from the marker E, you can use your three quarter line as it is 15 meters away from the track,( or 5 meters away from the marker B).

Accurate 20m Circles

The best way to ride an accurate 20 meter circle is to start it off from the marker A or C, by doing this will give you the marker X as your height marker as the marker X is situated exactly halfway on the centre line between both A and C and E and B. Due to the width of the school being 20 meters wide, then you should place your cones at quarter points around your circle on a slightly inner track. Whenever riding different sizes of circle it is important to remember that the bigger the circle the easier it is for your horse as the smaller the circle the greater the degree of collection and impulsion is required and therefore a greater degree of stress and strain. Always give your horse a good selection of sizes, and practice with the cones until you become proficient and then you can ride them without cones.

When to use circles

Once different sizes of circle have been mastered then you can ride them to balance a horse, prepare a horse for a transition or for some lateral work, help to slow down a horse who is rushing and also ride half circles to change the rein. Half circle exercises include a half 10 or 15 meter circle that returns to the track to change the rein. Two half 10, 15, and 20 meter circle that form a S shape. You can also add circles into the loops of a serpentine, to either end of a five meter loop, and to figure of eights.

 
 
 Flatwork Introduction

Walk

The walk is the most basic movement of a horse in flatwork. The different types of walk are collected walk, medium walk, extended walk and free walk on a long rein.

How To Ask For The Walk Pace:
To ask a horse to walk on, first preparation of both horse and rider is required. This involves the rider checking their position is correct and that they are ready to move on. The rider, keeping their heels down and lower leg in position on the girth, gently squeezes inwards. At the same time the rider while looking straight ahead, softens the rein contact to allow the horse to move forwards.
Once in walk the rider needs to remain tall, and be sitting equally on both seatbones with the seat and upper body square in the saddle.

The rider should have a soft and elastic rein contact, allowing their hands to move freely with the movement of the horse. and with no tension throughout the rest of the riders body either.

The whole of the riders inner leg should remain in close contact with the saddle and side of the horse, with the lower leg gently squeezing to maintain forward momentum.

Care must be taken not to let the leg grip up, especially with the knee, as this causes the inner leg to pivot on the knee and brings the lower leg away from the side of the horse, which in turn draws the heel up giving the rider an insecure lower leg. The seat needs to stay central in the saddle with the rider sitting equally on both seat bones. The upper body should remain straight and not tip forward when the lower leg is nudging as this unbalances, the rider needs to turn through their waist and shoulders without leaning to the side or forwards when they are ready to ask for a turn or change of direction.

Trotting

The next pace up from walking is trotting. This is a two time rhythm which means that the horse moves its legs in diagonal pairs, for example when the near hind and off fore are elevated off the ground, the off hind and near fore will be on the ground supporting the horse and propelling them forwards. Types of trot are working trot, collected trot, medium trot and extended trot.

Asking For Trot
To ask a horse to trot on, first preparation of both horse and rider is required. This involves the rider checking their position is correct and that they are ready to move on. The rider, keeping their heels down and lower leg in position on the girth, gently squeezes inwards. At the same time the rider while looking straight ahead, softens the rein contact to allow the horse to move forwards into the trot.
Once in trot the rider needs to remain tall, and be sitting equally on both seatbones with the seat and upper body square in the saddle, and let their body stay relaxed and moving with the horse, after a few strides of sitting the rider should go into rising trot.

The rider should have a soft and elastic rein contact, allowing their hands to move freely with the movement of the horse. and with no tension throughout the rest of the riders body either.

The whole of the riders inner leg should remain in close contact with the saddle and side of the horse, with the lower leg gently squeezing to maintain forward momentum.

The two types of trotting are rising trot and sitting trot. Sitting trot is done for the first few strides of trot to enable the rider to relax into the rhythm of the horse, then rising trot should begin. Rising trot is where the rider rises up and down in time with the horses two time movement, therefore making the rider rise up when one set of the horses legs are suspended in the air and sitting down when that pair of legs hits the ground, depending on which rein you are on will dictate which pair of the horses legs you should be sitting too, this is known as riding to the correct rising trot diagonal.

Common faults of rising trot are tipping forward, which unbalances both rider and horse, tensing up though the back therefore not remaining supple, sitting down heavily into the saddle which shows that the rider is unbalanced and makes for a very uncomfortable trot for the horse, looking down when in the trot and not forwards and ahead which will also encourage more tipping forwards and rounding of the shoulders, using the rein for balance instesd of the riders own body and position. The lower leg should remein on the girth area of the horse with the heel down, if the heel comes up then the rider is gripping up with their knee and balancing more on their toes than on the ball of their feet, care must be taken to try and use the riders whole inner leg for balance and security.

Sitting trot enables the rider to remain in close contact with the horse and when both horse and rider are warmed up sitting trot can be done all the time as it hepls the rider to feel what the horse is doing underneath them especially when riding lateral work.

Common faults of sitting trot are tensing up through the riders back, this causes the rider to brace themselves against the horse and can cause the rider to bounce a little in the saddle. By not relaxing into the trot will in turn also cause the horse to tense up through their back.

Canter

The next pace up from trot is canter. This is a three time movement which has a moment of suspension in between each canter stride. The horse can be on one of two canter leads depending on which rein they are on. On the left rein the horse will pick up left lead canter, this is where the horses off hind strikes off first followed by the near hind and off fore together and the near fore being the last footfall to go down. The different types of canter are working canter, collected canter, medium canter and extended canter.

On the right rein the horse strikes off with their near hind first followed by the off hind and near fore together and the off fore being the last leg to go down.
Types Of Canter
Working canter, collected canter, medium canter extended canter and counter canter.

Asking for canter:
Depending which rein you are on will determine what your aids are for canter. If you are on the left rein then the aids are as follows:Rider first checks their position is correct, then goes into sitting trot ready to apply the correct canter aids.
Rider prepares the horse for canter by ensuring that they have an active and attentive trot. To begin with the best place to ask for canter is in a corner as you will allready have the horse looking and bending around the corner.

Rider looking straight ahead places their left leg on the girth where it gently nudges to energise the forthcomming transition. Right leg moves back behind the girth where it will nudge gently to activate the horse to stike off with the off hind first. The outside right rein maintains the horses speed as well as preventing them from drifting when the transition occurs. The inside left rein asks for a small amount of bend to the inside, this bend also suggests to the horse that you would like left lead canter.

The rider must stay tall in the saddle and relaxed through their back, seat and shoulders during not only the upward and downward transition but also when in the canter itself.

Common faults when riding canter are tipping forward in the upward transition to canter, over holding through the rein contact therefore preventing the horse from riding up into the canter transition, this is often accompanied by tense shoulders and arms which prevent the rider from having a soft and elatic rein contact. Dropping the rein contact completely and therefore losing control of both horse, steering and balance. Tensing and tightening up of the seat and back which leads to the rider almost bracing themselves against the canter, this is often accompanied with a heavy “thump” to the seat of the saddle, this makes for a very uncomfortable canter for both rider and more importantly the horse.

Menage Layout

In the schooling area there should be markers placed around the edge as follows, below is the layout for a school which is 20 meters by 40 meters.

Riding School Layout:
C
H G M
E X B
K D F
A
With every trot change of rein, the rider must also change their rising trot diagonal. This allows the horse and rider balance more easily on the turns and corners of the rein that they are riding on. This is because as the horse turns for example to the left, then the rider should be sitting when the horses near hind and off fore and on the ground and the off hind and near fore are up in the air, by doing this the rider has their weight on the near hind which allows the horse to push through from behind and balance whilst on the turn.
By looking at the horses outside shoulder and watching it move forwards and backwards will help the rider to see whether or not they should be sitting or rising to the trot stride. When the horses outside shoulder is back it means that the rider should be in the sitting part of the rising trot, and when the outside shoulder is forward the rider should be in the rising part of the rising trot. To change a rising trot diagonal the rider simply stays sitting for one extra sitting trot beat and then continues with rising trot. The more experienced riders should not need to look at the outside shoulder but will be able to feel through their seat, if the diagonal is correct or not.
It’s a very complex subject so I suggest reading a lot of books and looking at diagrams :-)

http://www.thedigitalhorse.com/dressagetestclassroomexample/

56 MEN

IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.


The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,
When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
The 56 signatures on the Declaration appear in the positions indicated:


Georgia:
Button Gwinnett

Lyman Hall

George Walton
North Carolina:
William Hooper

Joseph Hewes

John Penn
South Carolina:

Edward Rutledge

Thomas Heyward, Jr.

Thomas Lynch, Jr.

Arthur Middleton
Massachusetts:

John Hancock
Maryland:

Samuel Chase

William Paca

Thomas Stone

Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia:

George Wythe

Richard Henry Lee

Thomas Jefferson

Benjamin Harrison

Thomas Nelson, Jr.

Francis Lightfoot Lee

Carter Braxton
Pennsylvania:

Robert Morris

Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Franklin

John Morton

George Clymer

James Smith

George Taylor

James Wilson

George Ross
Delaware:

Caesar Rodney

George Read

Thomas McKean
New York:

William Floyd

Philip Livingston

Francis Lewis

Lewis Morris
New Jersey:

Richard Stockton

John Witherspoon

Francis Hopkinson

John Hart

Abraham Clark
New Hampshire:

Josiah Bartlett

William Whipple

Massachusetts:

Samuel Adams

John Adams

Robert Treat Paine

Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island:

Stephen Hopkins

William Ellery
Connecticut:

Roger Sherman

Samuel Huntington

William Williams

Oliver Wolcott
New Hampshire:

Matthew Thornton

MASTER THE MIND

 
Lesson 1: Definiteness of Purpose

Definiteness of purpose is the starting point of all achievement. Without a purpose and a plan, people drift aimlessly through life.
Lesson 2: Mastermind Alliance

The Mastermind principle consists of an alliance of two or more minds working in perfect harmony for the attainment of a common definite objective. Success does not come without the cooperation of others.

Lesson 3: Applied Faith

Faith is a state of mind through which your aims, desires, plans and purposes may be translated into their physical or financial equivalent.

Lesson 4: Going the Extra Mile

Going the extra mile is the action of rendering more and better service than that for which you are presently paid. When you go the extra mile, the Law of Compensation comes into play.

Lesson 5: Pleasing Personality

Personality is the sum total of one’s mental, spiritual and physical traits and habits that distinguish one from all others. It is the factor that determines whether one is liked or disliked by others.

Lesson 6: Personal Initiative

Personal initiative is the power that inspires the completion of that which one begins. It is the power that starts all action. No person is free until he learns to do his own thinking and gains the courage to act on his own.

Lesson 7: Positive Mental Attitude

Positive mental attitude is the right mental attitude in all circumstances. Success attracts more success while failure attracts more failure.

Lesson 8: Enthusiasm

Enthusiasm is faith in action. It is the intense emotion known as burning desire. It comes from within, although it radiates outwardly in the expression of one’s voice and countenance.

Lesson 9: Self-Discipline

Self-discipline begins with the mastery of thought. If you do not control your thoughts, you cannot control your needs. Self-discipline calls for a balancing of the emotions of your heart with the reasoning faculty of your head.

Lesson 10: Accurate Thinking

The power of thought is the most dangerous or the most beneficial power available to man, depending on how it is used.

Lesson 11: Controlled Attention

Controlled attention leads to mastery in any type of human endeavor, because it enables one to focus the powers of his mind upon the attainment of a definite objective and to keep it so directed at will.

Lesson 12: Teamwork

Teamwork is harmonious cooperation that is willing, voluntary and free. Whenever the spirit of teamwork is the dominating influence in business or industry, success is inevitable. Harmonious cooperation is a priceless asset that you can acquire in proportion to your giving.

Lesson 13: Adversity & Defeat

Individual success usually is in exact proportion of the scope of the defeat the individual has experienced and mastered. Many so-called failures represent only a temporary defeat that may prove to be a blessing in disguise.

Lesson 14: Creative Vision

Creative vision is developed by the free and fearless use of one’s imagination. It is not a miraculous quality with which one is gifted or is not gifted at birth.

Lesson 15: Health

Sound health begins with a sound health consciousness, just as financial success begins with a prosperity consciousness.

Lesson 16: Budgeting Time & Money

Time and money are precious resources, and few people striving for success ever believe they possess either one in excess.

Lesson 17: Habits

Developing and establishing positive habits leads to peace of mind, health and financial security. You are where you are because of your established habits and thoughts and deeds.  

 
“The starting point of all achievement is desire.”

“If you cannot do great things, do small things in a great way.”

“Every adversity, every failure, every heartache carries with it the seed of an equal or greater benefit.”

“A goal is a dream with a deadline.”

“Procrastination is the bad habit of putting of until the day after tomorrow what should have been done the day before yesterday.”

“Any idea, plan, or purpose may be placed in the mind through repetition of thought.”

“What the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve.”

Napoleon Hill

  

BOSTON 2024

 I support The Boston 2024! 

#imagineboston     #boston2024  WE ARE HUMBLED, EXCITED, AND MOTIVATED BY THE UNITED STATES OLYMPIC COMMITTEE’S SELECTION OF BOSTON AS ITS PARTNER TO HOST THE 2024 OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC GAMES. WHILE STILL VERY EARLY IN THE OVERALL BID PROCESS, THIS OPPORTUNITY RECOGNIZES MASSACHUSETTS AS AN INTERNATIONAL BEACON FOR DRAWING THE BEST AND BRIGHTEST FROM AROUND THE GLOBE EACH YEAR AND AS A CRADLE OF INNOVATION WHERE YOUTH ASSEMBLE TO DREAM OF, AND PLAN FOR, A BETTER FUTURE FOR ALL OF US.       Hosting the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games is consistent with the future of Boston and Massachusetts and leaves both better for hosting the Games.

Tens of thousands of good-paying jobs are created for Massachusetts residents leading up to and during the 2024 Games.
Thousands of affordable housing units are created as a result of the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
The 2024 Games serve as a catalyst for improvements in public transportation and infrastructure that benefit residents both pre- and post-Games.
The 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games create opportunities for transit-oriented, mixed-use development in the City of Boston.
There is a clear and measurable plan for the inclusion of women and minority-owned businesses in all aspects of the 2024 Games.
Education and youth sports opportunities are created for the young people of Massachusetts.
A sophisticated plan, including multiple layers of insurance, is put in place to protect the city and state from financial risk.
The federal government designates the 2024 Games in Boston as a Special National Security Event and pays for the security costs.
A majority of people in Massachusetts support bidding for the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

http://www.2024boston.org/our-supporters
   
       

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

JUMP

Don’t be a fish; be a frog. Swim in the water and jump when you hit ground.”

Kim Young-ha 

  “Jump, and you will find out how to unfold your wings as you fall.”

Ray Bradbury 

  “To succeed, jump as quickly at opportunities as you do at conclusions.”

Benjamin Franklin

“When you jump for joy, beware that no one moves the ground from beneath your feet.”

Stanislaw Jerzy Lec  

  “Sometimes you just have to jump off the cliff without knowing where you will land.”

Zainab Salbi

“Sometimes, if you aren’t sure about something, you just have to jump off the bridge and grow your wings on the way down.”

Danielle Steel  

“When a train goes through a tunnel and it gets dark, you don’t throw away the ticket and jump off. You sit still and trust the engineer.”

Corrie Ten Boom

“Of course, I think that people are just waiting for that time when I make a mistake and they’re gonna jump on it…. There’s gonna be haters.”

Justin Bieber