BAUHAUS

BAUHAUS

bauhaus-dessau

Bauhaus 1919-1933

The Bauhaus occupies a place of its own in the history of 20th century culture, architecture, design, art and new media. One of the first schools of design, it brought together a number of the most outstanding contemporary architects and artists and was not only an innovative training centre but also a place of production and a focus of international debate. At a time when industrial society was in the grip of a crisis, the Bauhaus stood almost alone in asking how the modernisation process could be mastered by means of design.

Founded in Weimar in 1919, the Bauhaus rallied masters and students who sought to reverse the split between art and production by returning to the crafts as the foundation of all artistic activity and developing exemplary designs for objects and spaces that were to form part of a more human future society. Following intense internal debate, in 1923 the Bauhaus turned its attention to industry under its founder and first director Walter Gropius (1883–1969). The major exhibition which opened in 1923, reflecting the revised principle of art and technology as a new unity, spanned the full spectrum of Bauhaus work. The Haus Am Horn provided a glimpse of a residential building of the future.

In 1924 funding for the Bauhaus was cut so drastically at the instigation of conservative forces that it had to seek a new home. The Bauhaus moved to Dessau at a time of rising economic fortunes, becoming the municipally funded School of Design. Almost all masters moved with it. Former students became junior masters in charge of the workshops. Famous works of art and architecture and influential designs were produced in Dessau in the years from 1926 to 1932.

Walter Gropius resigned as director on 1st April 1928 under the pressure of constant struggles for the Bauhaus survival. He was succeeded by the Swiss architect Hannes Meyer (1889–1954) whose work sought to shape a harmonious society. Cost-cutting industrial mass production was to make products affordable for the masses.

Under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886–1969) the Bauhaus developed from 1930 into a technical school of architecture with subsidiary art and workshop departments.

Less is More

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (March 27, 1886, Aachen – August 17, 1969, Chicago .He is commonly referred to, and was addressed, as Mies, his surname. Along with Walter GropiusLe Corbusier andOscar Niemeyer, he is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture.

THE MEANING

Mies pursued an ambitious lifelong mission to create a new architectural language that could be used to represent the new era of technology and production. He saw a need for an architecture expressive of and in harmony with his epoch, just as Gothic architecture was for an era of spiritualism. He applied a disciplined design process using rational thought to achieve his spiritual goals. He believed that the configuration and arrangement of every architectural element, particularly including the character of enclosed space, must contribute to a unified expression.

The self-educated Mies painstakingly studied the great philosophers and thinkers, past and present, to enhance his own understanding of the character and essential qualities of the technological times he lived in. More than perhaps any other practising pioneer of modernism, Mies mined the writings of philosophers and thinkers for ideas that were relevant to his architectural mission. Mies’ architecture was guided by principles at a high level of abstraction, and his own generalized descriptions of those principles intentionally leave much room for interpretation. Yet his buildings are executed as objects of beauty and craftsmanship, and seem very direct and simple when viewed in person.

Every aspect of his architecture, from overall concept to the smallest detail, supports his effort to express the modern age. The depth of meaning conveyed by his work, beyond its aesthetic qualities, has drawn many contemporary philosophers and theoretical thinkers to continue to further explore and speculate about his architecture.

The Seagram Building NY

THE HAUTE BRIDE

Next year, bridal gowns go high fashion.

Oscar de la Renta.
(Photo: Dan Lecca)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bridal Week is usually regulated to red-headed step-child status in the fashion world—and rightfully so. All those shiny white dresses start to look hypnotically similar, and what the designers lack in creativity, they make up for in rhinestones. The spring 2008 season, which wrapped up last week, showed off gowns that were, for once, more high fashion and less David’s Bridal. Designers like Oscar de la Renta, Carolina Herrera, Monique Lhuillier, Elizabeth Filmore, and Reem Acra dared to stray from the usual formulaic looks and offered up off-the-shoulder dresses, pleats and ruffles, and even pastels. The showstopper of the week: Reem Acra’s silk taffeta cape gown with an embroidered belt (look 25). Next year, save the lace and satin for your tablecloths.

http://nymag.com/weddings/brides/31235/

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My LOVE STORY

ADRIANA SASSOON, Massachusetts

Founded by Adriana Sassoon in 2006, Adriana Sassoon has a unique background in fashion and beauty and is one of those rare people – whether behind the scenes or in front of the camera- that achieves what she sets out to accomplish. At age thirteen, an age at which a young person’s ideas are still fluid, she knew she had a particular fondness for the classical disciplines. She was already flirting with fashion working as a top model for Elite Model Management where her beauty appeared in countless magazine advertisements, fashion shows, and television commercials. from her native Sao Paulo, Brazil, Adriana graduated “The Ecole des Beaux’s- Arts” with her first degree in Industrial Design before arriving in the United States where she received a second degree in Interior Design from the FIDM Los Angeles. Adriana, who is fluent in Portuguese, Spanish, French and English, has an elite work history – A Docent for the French Trade Commission Exhibition “Les Paris des Createurs”. Adriana always kept a close eye on fashion. “I pick up on its vibrations”. Adriana embarks into the realm of fashion accessories as she proudly introduces her latest project. The creation of “Adriana Sassoon Handbags ” is a supported idea by her family and friends Adriana Sassoon has a Handbag Company with the focus in Minimalist Design. The main ingredient is to help a Charity founded by her father and mentor as well as charities that work with children of developing countries”….“If I can make a difference by doing what I love and being able to help others in need, what a marvelous accomplishment! AKS”.

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Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel
Birth:   1883
Death:   1971
Renowned Fashion Designer. Born a peasant and raised in an orphanage, she grew up with a gift of fashion and a keen awareness of social trends. Some of her most famous creations were worn by Jackie Kennedy. Coco Chanel died in 1971 at the age of 88. The House of Chanel still exists today, after being purchase by Karl Lagerfeld in 1983. She is buried in Lausanne Switzerland; her tomb is surrounded by five stone lions. (bio by: Greg Brown)Search Amazon for Gabrielle Chanel
 
Burial:
Bois-de-Vaux Cemetery
Lausanne
Vaud, Switzerland
 
Gabrielle Chanel passed away in her suite at the Ritz Hotel in Paris, France. The five lion heads on her tombstone represent her lucky number and her zodiac sign.

DELUXE

How Luxury Lost Its Luster

By Dana Thomas

Illustrated. 375 pages. The Penguin Press. $27.95.

With “Deluxe: How Luxury Lost Its Luster,” Ms. Thomas — who has been the cultural and fashion writer for Newsweek in Paris for 12 years — has written a crisp, witty social history that’s as entertaining as it is informative. Traveling from French perfume laboratories to Las Vegas shopping malls to assembly-line factories in China, she traces the evolving face of the luxury goods business, from design through marketing to showroom sales.

She gives us some sharply observed profiles of figures like Miuccia Prada, who was a Communist with a doctorate in political science when she took over her family’s small luxury goods business in 1978, and the business tycoon Bernard Arnault, who relentlessly built LVMH into a luxury monolith with dozens of brands (including Louis Vuitton, Givenchy and Dior) sold around the world.

Ms. Thomas peppers her narrative with lots of amusing asides about everything from how orange became Hermès’s signature color because it was the only color widely available during World War II to the money-saving benefits of raw-edge cutting, which has been marketed to the public as a cutting-edge, avant-garde innovation.

But her focus remains on how a business that once catered to the wealthy elite has gone mass-market and the effects that democratization has had on the way ordinary people shop today, as conspicuous consumption and wretched excess have spread around the world. Labels, once discreetly stitched into couture clothes, have become logos adorning everything from baseball hats to supersized gold chains. Perfumes, once dreamed up by designers with an idea about a particular scent, are now concocted from briefs written by marketing executives brandishing polls and surveys and sales figures.

With globalization, Paris and New York are no longer exclusive luxury meccas. Ms. Thomas notes that a gigantic 690,000-square-foot luxury mall called Crocus City (featuring 180 boutiques, including Armani, Pucci and Versace) is flourishing outside Moscow, and that a group of high-end boutiques will be part of a luxury complex called Legation Quarter, scheduled to open in Tiananmen Square later this year.

“Approximately 40 percent of all Japanese own a Vuitton product” today, she says, and one recent poll showed that by 2004 the average American woman was buying more than four handbags a year. With more people visiting Caesars Palace’s glitzy Forum Shops each year than Disney World, Las Vegas has made shopping synonymous with gambling and entertainment, even as outlet malls have brought designer clothing and accessories within the reach (and budget) of many suburbanites.

High-profile luxury brands like Louis Vuitton, Hermès and Cartier were founded in the 18th or 19th centuries by artisans dedicated to creating beautiful, finely made wares for the royal court in France and later, with the fall of the monarchy, for European aristocrats and prominent American families. Luxury remained, writes Ms. Thomas, “a domain of the wealthy and the famous” until “the Youthquake of the 1960s” pulled down social barriers and overthrew elitism. It would remain out of style “until a new and financially powerful demographic — the unmarried female executive — emerged in the 1980s.”

As both disposable income and credit-card debt soared in industrialized nations, the middle class became the target of luxury vendors, who poured money into provocative advertising campaigns and courted movie stars and celebrities as style icons. In order to maximize profits, many corporations looked for ways to cut corners: they began to use cheaper materials, outsource production to developing nations (while falsely claiming that their goods were made in Western Europe) and replace hand craftsmanship with assembly-line production. Classic goods meant to last for years gave way, increasingly, to trendy items with a short shelf life; cheaper lines (featuring lower-priced items like T-shirts and cosmetic cases) were introduced as well.

Although this volume quotes Anna Wintour, the editor of Vogue, saying such changes mean that “more people are going to get better fashion” and “the more people who can have fashion, the better,” the author reaches a more elitist and pessimistic conclusion. “The luxury industry has changed the way people dress,” she writes. “It has realigned our economic class system. It has changed the way we interact with others. It has become part of our social fabric. To achieve this, it has sacrificed its integrity, undermined its products, tarnished its history and hoodwinked its consumers. In order to make luxury ‘accessible,’ tycoons have stripped away all that has made it special.

“Luxury has lost its luster.”

Hub of high fashion

Sassoon’s son fancies hairstylist ‘university’ here

By Scott Van Voorhis

Friday, March 21, 2008 –
Boston Herald Business Reporter
Reporter Scott Van Voorhis brings 15 years of aggressive reporting to a wide range of topics that affect the Hub’s business community and residents.

Move over Harvard and MIT. There’s a new competitor on college row:The Academy for Hair and Skin by Elan Sassoon. Elan, son of celebrity hair stylist/shampoo guru Vidal Sassoon, has relocated from Miami and has chosen Brighton to launch what’s being billed as the first ever U.S. cosmetology school with a university feel – right down to its own 178-room dorm. Sassoon last year bought a modest Commonwealth Avenue building and is now seeking City Hall permission to transform it into a 90,000-square-foot university for the next generation of high-powered hair stylists.A longtime entrepreneur, the 38-year-old is developing the school without his famous father’s help.While Boston might seem like an unlikely place to launch such a stylish endeavor, Sassoon sees his $16 million venture as part of a wave of hot new businesses bringing high fashion to the Hub.“Zara’s, the Mandarin Oriental, Louis Vuitton – now is the time to be in Boston,” Sassoon said, mentioning two deluxe retailers and a hotelier that have recently moved to town. “All these hot companies are coming and opening up. There is a nice shift in that direction to high fashion.”Sassoon is even putting down roots here, having moved to town last spring and having bought a house in Chestnut Hill, where he lives with his wife and two school-aged children.The school’s 10-month program aims to turn out elite hairstylists – with a very college-like cost of $18,000 to $20,000 per student.But that’s a career investment that can pay big dividends to those with the right training and drive.Top Newbury Street hairstylists can pull down $150,000 a year. In New York, the profession’s elite can make $200,000 a year.While most of the school’s expected 300 students will come from Greater Boston, Sassoon thinks the academy will attract global interest.He also wants the school to be about much more than just learning styling hair.Students will also take courses delving into the field’s history and noted practitioners, as well as classes on “color theory” and the history of design.Instructors will be paid $70,000 in a bid to bring in the best the field has to offer.There will also be a 200-seat amphitheater where everyone from famous plastic surgeons to noted hair stylists can come share their professional wisdom.“We would like the school to be a center of fashion and design,” Sassoon said.

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INSPIRATION

There is no doubt that the Bauhaus movement (1919 to 1933) occupies a special position in the ranks of art schools. Its uniqueness and doctrines widened the horizons of modern architecture and art. Its theories of applied art and design shaped the 20th century style: The Bauhaus made its mark. The changing economic structure had serious consequences for the trades in industrial mass products and swept aside handcrafted products. It was not the machine era that was responsible for the inferiority of modern art, but the excessive striving for maximum profit, which lowered the quality of the products. The machine was a phenomenon very much in keeping with the times.The members of the Bauhaus school of architecture migrated throughout the world and guided design theory and production. This led to a dominance of simplicity, clarity and Functionalism Optical Art within the Bauhaus movement is a form of perceptual abstraction that generates optical effects in the visual system of the viewer by use of cleanly designed patterns. Minimalism within the movement is an expression of pure form reduced to its simplest expression.The Art Nouveau involves the stylization of elongated form to its essentials. Symmetrical and rectilinear Art Deco represented the Modern style in its most extreme form.Sassoon was inspired by Bauhaus. He related hairdressing to architecture. As an architect would create a structure within the parameters of a city using its natural geographic landscape, so the hairdresser would cut hair within the confines of a human face using the natural structure of the bones.In design, Sassoon haircuts were always ahead of the times. Vidal Sassoon’s perception of the Bauhaus movement is to be regarded as a productive process. He was inspired by the aesthetic admiration for a specific aspect of the Bauhaus tradition. On the other hand, he was seeking answers to the questions that the era posed for the hairdressing craft and receiving inspiration through architecture.

Copyright © 2006 ADRIANA SASSOON .All Rights Reserved.