The Living green walls are panels of plants, grown vertically using hydroponics, on structures that can be either free-standing or attached to walls. Living green walls are also referred to as vertical gardens, green walls, living walls or ecowalls.
When and where was the living green wall invented?
This amazing idea for living green walls was first patented by Stanley Hart White in 1938, however it is Patrick Blanc’s name that resounds through the industry. After creating one of the most famous green walls at the Musee du Quai Branly in Paris, he was designated the godfather of the ‘vegetal wall’, sparking a revolution in sustainable architecture.
As the concrete jungles expand around the globe and pollution increases, the application of living green walls are a asset to help create balance between men and forests. Incorporating carefully chosen selections of plants into cutting edge design, living green walls have been devised to help restore the natural balance.
Benefits of Vertical Gardens
Vertical Gardens offer economic, environmental and physiological benefits:
Building Profile & Beautification
Biodiversity & Habitat
Biophilic Design and Our Health
Green walls are organized into panel and tray systems or freestanding walls, meaning there is a wall suitable for any space.
Panel systems, like Sage and Prowall, have plants pre-grown into the panels and can be used inside or out, and in any climate.
VersaWall is a tray system, which is popular for indoor displays. Plants are pre-grown off-site and inserted into the wall, which offers a great degree of versatility that can be exploited to cover entire surfaces or designed as living art.
Freestanding walls are most commonly used indoors and are most easily changed, either by changing the location or changing the plants.
A recent study into the effectiveness of green infrastructure for improving air quality in urban street canons (the gaps between large buildings), found living green walls can have a big impact. These gaps are hotspots for harmful pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter, but living green walls have been shown to reduce levels by 40% and 60% respectively.
Plants have long been used to reduce noise levels on freeways and other noisy roadways across North America and Europe. Living green walls expand on this idea. Vegetation naturally blocks high frequency sounds while the supporting structure can help to diminish low-frequency noise.
Exterior living walls give buildings protection, not just from temperature fluctuations but also by diverting water away from walls during heavy rain and providing protection from UV radiation.
Where Vertical Gardens are Used
Living walls are exceptionally versatile. They can be attached to virtually any vertical structure, old or new. They can also be free-standing space dividers, providing beauty, sound-proofing and security. Typical uses include:
Exteriors + Interiors
Retail + Office Environments
Tennis Courts and Golf Courses
Stadiums and Arenas
Hotels and Restaurants
Schools and Hospitals
Living Tapestrys on Walls
Roof Top Gardens