Times Square, the most bustling square of New York is known for its many Broadway theatres, cinemas and electronic billboards. It is one of those places that make New York a city that never sleeps.   
        

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

 ūüÉŹSo much fun to wonder around Gotham City, New York, Batman & Robin Superman, H&M, Victoria’s Secret, Billboards, Tommy Hilfiger.ūüé©

ūüé≠Fun, fun, fun……. @AdrianaSassoon @IsabellaSassoon @nycgov @hm @TommyHilfigerūüé¨ūüóĹ #loveison

EDITORIAL  CONNECTION

A modern company that works in all editorial segments. Looking for innovation and perfect harmony in an entire project, as well as in adding value to the graphic content. The knowledge and experience of our team members are continuously updated in technological, cultural, and artistic development.Understanding that, while careful copyediting and proofreading are essential, the correct spacing and positioning of text and graphics enhance the overall impression of any written project. We select the best illustrations or photos to increase the perception of quality.Didactic books & Literary books

Illustrations can improve any written project. Whether a project needs images that more fully explain or describe written ideas, or highly technical or abstract concepts, they are a necessary and integral part of the total concept.

www.novaespiralcom.br

Some projects require geographical, historical, or scientific maps. Mapping is an effective communication tool that more clearly represents the socio-spatial dynamics of many projects.Carefully chosen images enhance text comprehension and value. Our team of iconographers are highly skilled in locating, identifying, describing, and interpreting the content of images in any project, elevating them to an art form.The Editorial Connection Team develop projects from the Conception,Design,Illustration,Cartography,Iconography,Editing,Proofreading,Media and Promotion.

www.editorialconnection.com               &                 www.conexaoeditorial.com.br

* Mention Adriana Sassoon.I Promisse that you will be able to find the best services and the best prices available!For further information contact Alexandre Romao: novaespiral@novaespiral.com.br

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOPE

army 1920

When you stuggle for answers,

and are trying to cope,

Believe in your heart,

Always have Hope!

Hope takes you farther, is ready to go,

Hope holds the vision, when others say no.

Hope  is the river, strong, full and deep,

Hope knows no limits, no mountain too steep,

Hope for a treatment, hope for a cure,

Believe in a miracle, holy and pure.

Hope hangs on , believes in the best,

Hope is a journey, each minute a test.

When your spirit is weakened,

and you ‘re trying to cope,

Believe in your heart,

Always have Hope.

Ro Jeanne Doege-Floyd-Mother of Jo.

From the Dana Farber Cancer Institute Boston.

CONSUMER PRICES JUMP 

Boeing_Factory_2002

Consumer prices climb in June at quickest pace in 11 months, industrial production slide slows.

Average%20Manufacturer%20Price

WASHINGTON (AP) — Consumer prices shot up in June by the largest amount in 11 months, reflecting the biggest jump in gasoline prices in nearly five years.

The Labor Department said Wednesday that inflation at the consumer level rose by 0.7 percent last month, slightly higher than the 0.6 percent increase that economists were expecting. It was the biggest one-month gain since a 0.7 percent increase last July.

The big jump was seen as a temporary blip, however. Inflation is not expected to be a problem any time soon given a severe recession which is keeping a lid on wage pressures.

The Federal Reserve reported Wednesday that industrial production fell 0.4 percent in June as the recession crimped output for a wide range of manufactured goods including cars, machinery and household appliances. However, the decline was not as severe as the 1.4 percent plunge in May, a possible sign that the recession is easing its grip.

SUMMARY

Underscoring the low threat of accelerating inflation, prices in June compared to a year ago were actually down by 1.4 percent, the biggest year-over-year decline in nearly six decades.

Core inflation, which excludes food and energy, posted a moderate 0.2 percent rise in June, slightly higher than the 0.1 percent rise that economists had expected.

The absence of an inflation threat has allowed the Federal Reserve to drive a key interest rate to a record low in an effort to fight a severe recession which is already the longest since World War II. The central bank pushed its target for the federal funds rate to near zero in December and it is expected to remain there until the nation’s unemployment rate, currently at a 26-year high of 9.5 percent, stops rising.

The 0.7 percent jump in the Consumer Price Index in June followed three months of moderation including a small 0.1 percent rise in May.

The upward surge was driven by a 7.4 percent rise in energy prices, reflecting a 17.3 percent increase in gasoline prices, the biggest one-month jump in gas prices since a 20.9 percent spurt in September 2005 after Hurricane Katrina had shut Gulf Coast refineries.

 

Analysts are looking for gasoline and other energy costs to retreat in coming months. Already, gasoline pump prices are down by about a dime since the start of July.

Food costs edged up a small 0.1 percent in June, held back by a big drop in the cost of dairy products.

The 0.2 percent rise in core inflation left the core inflation rate rising by a moderate 1.7 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting the downward pressure on costs coming from the prolonged recession.

US_real_price_log_plus_ace

For June, new car prices jumped by 0.7 percent and clothing costs were also up 0.7 percent. However, those gains ere offset by a 0.6 percent drop in airline fares. Price increases were also moderate in the health area with medical care edging up by 0.2 percent, the smallest gain in three months .*By Martin Crutsinger, AP Economics Writer

MASCARADE BALL

shonibare03_body

Un Ballo in Maschera (A Masked Ball), 2004, Images courtesy of the artist, James Cohan Gallery, New York, and Stephen Friedman Gallery, London.

A masquerade ball (or bal masqué) is an event which the participants attend in costume wearing a mask.

Français (French)
n. Рbal masqué, (fig) mascarade
v. intr. – se masquer, se faire passer pour qn, s’abriter sous un (faux nom)

Such gatherings, festivities of Carnival, were paralleled from the 15th century by increasingly elaborate allegorical Entries, pageants and triumphal processions celebrating marriages and other dynastic events of late medieval court life. Masquerade balls were extended into costumed public festivities in Italy during the 16th century Renaissance (Italian, maschera). They were generally elaborate dances held for members of the upper classes, and were particularly popular in Venice. They have been associated with the tradition of the Venetian Carnival. With the fall of the Venetian Republic at the end of the 18th century, the use and tradition of masks gradually began to decline, until they disappeared altogether.

Galerie3D_versailles

VERSAILLES

Ball-at-the-Court-of-Henri-III-on-the-Occasion-of-the-Marriage-of-Anne-c-1581-French-School-302602

ENGLISH COURT

In 1979, a group of young Venetians interested in theatre and culture had the idea of reviving the Carnival in Venice. Now the visitors that crowd Venice in the last week before the beginning of the Lent reach the figure of more than 500.000 and the traditional spirit of the Carnival pervades again the city. Identities again become confused. The division between reality and illusion, between past and present, never very clearly defined in Venice at any time, indistinguishably merge.

200px-louisxiv

Louis XIV

250px-louisxv-rigaud1

LOUIS XV

They became popular throughout mainland Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, sometimes with fatal results. Gustav III of Sweden was assassinated at a masquerade ball by disgruntled nobleman Jacob Johan Anckarström, an event which Eugène Scribe turned into the opera Gustave III.

annecy-09-024annecy-09-117

¬†Gustav III, King of the Swedes, the Goths and the Vends, etc. … Jacob Johan Anckarstr√ɬ∂m (May 11, 1762 – April 27, 1792) was a Swedish military officer, and regicide. … Augustin Eug√ɬ®ne Scribe (December 24, 1791 – February 20, 1861), was a French dramatist and librettist. … Gustave III, ou Le bal masqu√ɬ© (Gustavus III, or The Masked Ball) is an op√ɬ©ra historique or grand opera in five acts by Daniel Auber, with a libretto by Eug√ɬ®ne Scribe. …

balade20avkkril-2008-031

The “Bal des Ardents” (“Burning Men’s Ball”) was intended as a Bal des sauvages (“Wild Men’s Ball”) a costumed ball (morisco). It was in celebration of the marriage of a lady-in-waiting of Charles VI of France’s queen in Paris on January 28, 1393. The King and five courtiers dressed as wildmen of the woods (woodwoses), with costumes of flax and pitch. When they came too close to a torch, the dancers caught fire. (This episode may have influenced Edgar Allan Poe‘s short story “Hop-Frog”.) Such costumed dances were a special luxury of the ducal court of Burgundy.

breteuil-008

Charles VI Charles VI the Well-Beloved, later known as the Mad (French: Charles VI le Bien-Aim√ɬ©, later known as le Fol) (December 3, 1368 √Ę‚ā¨‚Äú October 21, 1422) was a King of France (1380 √Ę‚ā¨‚Äú 1422) and a member of the Valois Dynasty. … Woodwoses support coats of arms in the side panels of a portrait by Albrecht D√ɬľrer, 1499 (Alte Pinakothek, Munich) Grand arms of Prussia, 1873 The Woodwose or hairy wildman of the woods was the Sasquatch figure of pre-Christian Gaul, in Anglo-Saxon a Woodwoses appear in the carved… For other uses, see Flax (disambiguation). … The pitch drop experiment. … Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 √Ę‚ā¨‚Äú October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. … Hop-Frog (originally Hop-Frog; Or, the Eight Chained Ourangoutangs) is a short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1849. … Coat of arms of the second Duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: ; German: ) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks; the former gave their…

-28-

John James Heidegger, a Swiss count, is credited with having introduced the Venetian fashion of a semi-public masquerade ball, to which one might subscribe, to London in the early eighteenth century, with the first being held at Haymarket Opera House. Throughout the century the dances became popular, both in England and Colonial America. Its prominence did not go unchallenged; a significant anti-masquerade movement grew alongside the balls themselves. The anti-masquerade writers (among them such notables as Henry Fielding) held that the events encouraged immorality and “foreign influence”. While they were sometimes able to persuade authorities to their views, enforcement of measures designed to end masquerades was at best desultory made. John James (Johann Jacob) Heidegger (1659√Ę‚ā¨‚Äú1749), Swiss count and leading impresario of masquerades in the early part of the 18th century. … This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. … Haymarket Theatre, ca. … For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American… Henry Fielding (April 22, 1707 √Ę‚ā¨‚Äú October 8, 1754) was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich earthy humor and satirical prowess and as the author of the novel Tom Jones. …

vaux09-022

Masquerade balls were sometimes set as a game among the guests. The masked guests were supposedly dressed so as to be unidentifiable. This would create a type of game to see if a guest could determine each others’ identities. This added a humorous effect to many masques and enabled a more enjoyable version of typical balls.

http://www.elvenhippiegypsy.com/MAMaskedBallStudy.html

http://www.geocities.com/akisstothewind/masque/lunarmasque.html

PERSEPOLIS

persepolis

 

Persepolis is a 2007 animated film based on Marjane Satrapi‘s autobiographical graphic novel of the same name. The film was written and directed by Satrapi with Vincent Paronnaud. The story follows a young girl as she comes of age against the backdrop of the Iranian Revolution. The story ends with Marjane as a 22-year-old expatriate. The title is a reference to the historic city of Persepolis.

The film won the Jury Prize at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival and was released in France and Belgium on June 27. In her acceptance speech, Satrapi said “Although this film is universal, I wish to dedicate the prize to all Iranians.” The film was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.

The film was released in the United States on December 25, 2007 and in the United Kingdom on April 24 2008.

Technique

The film is black and white in the style of the original graphic novels. The “present day” scenes are shown in color, while sections of the historic narrative resemble a shadow theater show. To help with the translation of the comic to animation, art director and executive producer Marc Jousset came up with the design. The animation is credited to the Perseprod studio and was created by two specialized studios: Je Suis Bien Content and Pumpkin 3D.

 Cast

The voice actors in the original French version include:

The film was released in Canada with the original French soundtrack and English subtitles; the US release was redubbed in English for some locations. Mastroianni and Deneuve reprise their roles in English, but Father is played by Sean Penn, Uncle Anouche by Iggy Pop and Grandmother by Gena Rowlands. Laurie Metcalf also has a small role as the mother of a young teenage boy.

Marjane-Satrapi1

Parisian cartoonist Marjane Satrapi first found fame as the creator of the best-selling graphic memoir Persepolis, which chronicled her experiences growing up in increasingly restrictive, post-revolution Iran in the early eighties. She‚Äôs since adapted the book into a striking, whimsically animated film that‚Äôs making waves at the New York Film Festival as we speak ‚ÄĒ and hitting theaters nationwide in December. Satrapi sat down with Vulture over screwdrivers and cigarettes at a Union Square hotel.

What was your reaction when you first saw the movie?
The first time I actually saw the finished movie was at Cannes, which is not the best place to watch your movie for the first time. I had all these anti-anxiety pills that my mother had given me, and I was just taking these pills one after the other. By the end of the projection, I almost didn’t know where I was. So I didn’t really see it, actually. I still have not seen the movie really. When I saw it at Cannes, I was close to dying. I was almost dead.

I’m glad you made it. How much similarity is there between you and the Marjane character in the film?
The moment you write a script, the story becomes kind of fictional. Character-wise, it is not very far from me, but today, I am much more like the grandmother than I am like myself in the movie. I was shy back then, I was like 20-and-something, I had stars in my eyes, and I was dumb. Stupid! I think I’m a little bit less stupid today.

What about the things that the character’s obsessed with in the movie: Bruce Lee, heavy metal, Adidas….
Oh, yes, these are for real. French fries with ketchup, and I wear Adidas sneakers and I love Bruce Lee. I have all his movies. I only watch them when I’m alone, because if my husband is nearby and I am watching kung fu, that means I will beat him up. It gets me overexcited. I took three years of karate because of Bruce Lee, you know. I was a green belt. Two years ago I went to take a kung-fu course, but I think the teacher was lousy because he wanted to teach me everything the whole day, you know, the dragon, the tiger, the whole bullshit. He put me on the ground like 100 times! So I didn’t continue.

How would you compare making movies to creating graphic novels?
Well, writing a book is a very solitary pursuit, and I am my own best friend so I enjoy this very much actually! The first six months of working on the movie, I wanted to kill the whole animation team with whom we worked. I was begging God to kill all of them one after the other, because they were in my face all the time. By the end I really loved them, but that was the end of the project. That‚Äôs the story of life ‚ÄĒ when you start enjoying people, it‚Äôs always too late.

Iggy Pop is voicing the uncle in the English-language version!
Yes, he‚Äôs playing my uncle Anoush. I chose him myself. I was in L.A., and one morning I woke up like, “Jesus! Shit! Iggy Pop has to be the uncle! It can‚Äôt be anybody else.” Because he has this deep voice, and he‚Äôs so virile, and because I love his music. It was so incredible to work with him because he was one of the sweetest people I‚Äôve ever met in my life. He‚Äôs extremely nice, extremely gentle, and very articulate and cultivated. Plus he has that great body. I listen to his music almost every day. The music that I hate the most is R&B. Oh, shit ‚ÄĒ [sings a few unrecognizable strains]. You know, that nagging, Usher kind of stuff. Oof! That Beyonc√© stuff, it gives me goose pimples. Once in a while they play it at the supermarket and I have to leave. No, no, you can not give that to me. It‚Äôs too disgusting.

There have been some negative reactions to the film in Iran. I imagine it’s not going to be shown there?
Oh, no. Of course it’s not going to be shown there. But, you know, it’s like everything else in Iran. They say something isn’t supposed to be seen, and then everybody sees it. It’s like how alcohol is forbidden, but everybody drinks. This is the way we are. As soon as we’re told not to do something, it’s all we want to do.

Having spent so much time in that kind of restrictive environment, do you ever have flashbacks when you’re going about your everyday life?
It never really occurred to me as that restrictive, in a way. You can be completely imprisoned while technically free, and you can be completely free being in jail. If you are one of those nasty Christian people like the Mormons, you know, how free are they? They are not, and they are living in a free country. All of that is in your brain. And I think I am free in my brain because I don‚Äôt give a shit about what people think and what they say. That is the beginning of your freedom. The best thing I ever did in my life was to ask, “Do I like everybody?” And the answer was no. So why should everybody like me? If people are against me, so what? I‚Äôm against them too.

Marjane-Satrapi-Cannes

http://www.sonypictures.com/classics/persepolis/main.html

RISING POWERS

 

B R I C

In economics, BRIC or BRICs is an acronym that refers to the fast growing developing economies of Brazil, Russia, India, and China. The acronym was first coined and prominently used by Goldman Sachs in 2001.Goldman Sachs argued that, since they are developing rapidly, by 2050 the combined economies of the BRICs could eclipse the combined economies of the current richest countries of the world.

Goldman Sachs did not argue that the BRICs would organize themselves into an economic bloc, or a formal trading association, like the European Union has done.However, there are strong indications that the “four BRIC countries have been seeking to form a “political club” or “alliance”, and thereby converting “their growing economic power into greater geopolitical clout”. One of the recent indications was from a BRIC Summit meeting in 2008, in the Russian city of Yekaterinburg between the foreign ministers of the BRIC countries. Also in his Latin America trip Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, while visiting Brazil, met with Brazilian President Luiz In√°cio Lula da Silva and agreed to visa-free travel. Medvedev has also recently made a trip to New Delhi, India to meet with Indian President Prathiba Patil and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to discuss a nuclear deal as well as agreeing to cooperate in the spheres of finance and financial security, tourism, culture and fighting drug trafficking.

BRIC (Portuguese)

BRIC √© um acr√īnimo criado em novembro de 2001 pelo economista Jim O’Neill, do grupo Goldman Sachs, criou o termo para designar os 4 (quatro) principais pa√≠ses emergentes do mundo, a saber: Brasil, R√ļssia, √ćndia e China no relat√≥rio “Building Better Global Economic Brics”. Usando as √ļltimas proje√ß√Ķes demogr√°ficas e modelos de acumula√ß√£o de capital e crescimento de produtividade, o grupo Goldman Sachs mapeou as economias dos pa√≠ses BRICs at√© 2050. Especula-se que esses pa√≠ses poder√£o se tornar a maior for√ßa na economia mundial.

Se os resultados ocorrerem como esperado em menos de 40 anos as economias BRICs juntas poderão ser maiores que as dos G6 (Estados Unidos da América, Japão, Alemanha, Reino Unido, França e Itália) em termos de dólar americano (US$).

O estudo ressalta que cada um dos quatro enfrenta desafios diferentes para manter o crescimento na faixa desej√°vel. Por isso, existe uma boa chance de as previs√Ķes n√£o se concretizarem, por pol√≠ticas ruins, simplesmente m√° sorte, ou por erro nas proje√ß√Ķes.

Mas se os BRICs chegarem pelo menos pr√≥ximos das previs√Ķes, as implica√ß√Ķes na economia mundial ser√£o grandes. A import√Ęncia relativa dos BRICs como usina de novas demandas de crescimento e poder de gasto pode mudar mais sens√≠vel e rapidamente do que se imagina a economia mundial.

De acordo com o estudo, o grupo possuir√° mais de 40% da popula√ß√£o mundial e juntos ter√£o um PIB de mais de 85 trilh√Ķes de d√≥lares (US$). Esses quatro pa√≠ses n√£o formam um bloco pol√≠tico (como a Uni√£o Europeia), nem uma alian√ßa de com√©rcio formal (como o Mercosul e ALCA) e muito menos uma alian√ßa militar (como a OTAN), mas formam uma alian√ßa atrav√©s de v√°rios tratados de com√©rcio e coopera√ß√£o assinados em 2002 para alavancar seus crescimentos.

Participação dos Países

Economia dos BRICs em relação às dos G6
Relação da projeção do PIB e PIB per capita dos países BRICs e G6 até 2050.
Dentro dos BRICs haveria uma clara divis√£o de fun√ß√Ķes. Ao Brasil e √† R√ļssia ficaria o papel de produtor de alimentos e produtor de petr√≥leo respectivamente. Ambos seriam tamb√©m fornecedores de mat√©ria prima.

Os neg√≥cios de servi√ßos e de manufatura estariam principalmente localizados na √ćndia e China, devido √† concentra√ß√£o de m√£o-de-obra naquele e tecnologia neste.

The BRIC thesis

SAO PAULO

RIO DE JANEIRO
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Goldman Sachs argues that the economic potential of Brazil, Russia, India, and China is such that they may become among the four most dominant economies by the year 2050. The thesis was proposed by Jim O’Neill, global economist at Goldman Sachs. These countries encompass over twenty-five percent of the world’s land coverage, forty percent of the world’s population and hold a combined GDP (PPP) of 15.435 trillion dollars. On almost every scale, they would be the largest entity on the global stage. These four countries are among the biggest and fastest growing Emerging Markets.

However, it is important to note that it is not the intent of Goldman Sachs to argue that these four countries are a political alliance (such as the European Union) or any formal trading association, like ASEAN. Nevertheless, they have taken steps to increase their political cooperation, mainly as a way of influencing the United States position on major trade accords, or, through the implicit threat of political cooperation, as a way of extracting political concessions from the United States, such as the proposed nuclear cooperation with India.

 

(2003) Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050

The BRIC thesis (defended in the paper Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050) recognizes that Brazil, Russia, India and China have changed their political systems to embrace global capitalism. Goldman Sachs predicts China and India, respectively, to be the dominant global suppliers of manufactured goods and services while Brazil and Russia would become similarly dominant as suppliers of raw materials. Cooperation is thus hypothesized to be a logical next step among the BRICs because Brazil and Russia together form the logical commodity suppliers to India and China. Thus, the BRICs have the potential to form a powerful economic bloc to the exclusion of the modern-day states currently of “Group of Eight” status. Brazil is dominant in soy and iron ore while Russia has enormous supplies of oil and natural gas. Goldman Sachs’ thesis thus documents how commodities, work, technology, and companies have diffused outward from the United States across the world. Following the end of the Cold War or even before, the governments comprising BRIC all initiated economic or political reforms to allow their countries to enter the world economy. In order to compete, these countries have simultaneously stressed education, foreign investment, domestic consumption, and domestic entrepreneurship. According to the study, India has the potential to grow the fastest among the four BRIC countries over the next 30 to 50 years. A major reason for this is that the decline in working age population will happen later for India and Brazil than for Russia and China.

 

 (2004) Follow-up report

CHINA

The Goldman Sachs global economics team released a follow-up report to its initial BRIC study in 2004. The report states that in BRIC nations, the number of people with an annual income over a threshold of $3,000, will double in number within three years and reach 800 million people within a decade. This predicts a massive rise in the size of the middle class in these nations. In 2025, it is calculated that the number of people in BRIC nations earning over $15,000 may reach over 200 million. This indicates that a huge pickup in demand will not be restricted to basic goods but impact higher-priced goods as well. According to the report, first China and then a decade later India will begin to dominate the world economy. Yet despite the balance of growth, swinging so decisively towards the BRIC economies, the average wealth level of individuals in the more advanced economies will continue to far outstrip the BRIC economy average. Goldman Sachs estimates that by 2025 the income per capita in the six most populous EU countries will exceed $35,000, whereas only about 500 million people in the BRIC economies will have similar income levels.

The report also highlights India‘s great inefficiency in energy use and mentions the dramatic under-representation of these economies in the global capital markets. The report also emphasizes the enormous populations that exist within the BRIC nations, which makes it relatively easy for their aggregate wealth to eclipse the G6, while per-capita income levels remain far below the norm of today’s industrialized countries. This phenomenon, too, will affect world markets as multinational corporations will attempt to take advantage of the enormous potential markets in the BRICs by producing, for example, far cheaper automobiles and other manufactured goods affordable to the consumers within the BRICs in lieu of the luxury models that currently bring the most income to automobile manufactures. India and China have already started making their presence felt in the service and manufacturing sector respectively in the global arena. Developed economies of the world have already taken a serious note of the fact.

 

 (2007) Second Follow-up report

This report compiled by lead authors Tushar Poddar and Eva Yi gives insight into “India‚Äôs Rising Growth Potential”. It reveals updated projection figures attributed to the rising growth trends in India over the last four years. Goldman Sachs assert that “India‚Äôs influence on the world economy will be bigger and quicker than implied in our previously published BRICs research”. They noted significant areas of research and development, and expansion that is happening in the country, which will lead to the prosperity of the growing middle-class.

“India has 10 of the 30 fastest-growing urban areas in the world and, based on current trends, we estimate a massive 700 million people will move to cities by 2050. This will have significant implications for demand for urban infrastructure, real estate, and services.”

In the revised 2007 figures, based on increased and sustaining growth, more inflows into foreign direct investment, Goldman Sachs predicts that “from 2007 to 2020, India‚Äôs GDP per capita in US$ terms will quadruple”, and that the Indian economy will surpass the United States (in US$) by 2043. It states that the four nations as a group will overtake the G7 in 2032.

 Atualmente   (Portuguese)

Os BRIC, apesar de ainda n√£o serem as maiores economias mundiais, j√° exercem grande influ√™ncia, o que pode ser presenciado claramente na reuni√£o da OMC em 2005, onde os pa√≠ses em desenvolvimento liderados por Brasil e √ćndia juntaram-se a pa√≠ses subdesenvolvidos para impor a retirada dos subs√≠dios governamentais na Uni√£o Europ√©ia e os Estados Unidos e a redu√ß√£o nas tarifas de importa√ß√£o e com√©rcio nos mesmos. Alavancando assim o crescimento dos “BRICs” e outros pa√≠ses afetados pela pobreza.

R√ļssia, √ćndia e China j√° s√£o superpot√™ncias militares, ao contr√°rio do Brasil que ainda n√£o apresentou momentos hist√≥ricos necess√°rios para uma corrida armamentista. Todos eles est√£o em processo de desenvolvimento pol√≠tico e econ√īmico para se adequarem aos demais pa√≠ses desenvolvidos.

No futuro

Em 2050, os BRICs j√° seriam as maiores pot√™ncias econ√īmicas do mundo; ultrapassando assim a Uni√£o Europ√©ia e o ainda em crescimento Estados Unidos da Am√©rica. Se formado um bloco econ√īmico, seria uma parceria perfeita para o sucesso extremo e a onipot√™ncia mundial.

O Brasil desempenharia o papel de pa√≠s exportador agropecu√°rio, tendo como principais produtos a soja e a carne bovina. Tudo isso seria necess√°rio para alimentar mais de 40% da popula√ß√£o mundial. A cana-de-a√ß√ļcar tamb√©m desempenharia papel fundamental na produ√ß√£o de combust√≠veis renov√°veis e ecologicamente corretos, como o √°lcool e a recente atra√ß√£o, o biodiesel. Al√©m de fornecer mat√©rias-primas essenciais a pa√≠ses em desenvolvimento, como o petr√≥leo, o a√ßo e o alum√≠nio, que tamb√©m s√£o encontrados nos parceiros latinos, fortemente influenciados pelo Brasil, como Argentina, Venezuela, Paraguai, Uruguai e Bol√≠via, atrav√©s do Mercosul. Mas talvez o mais importante papel do Brasil estaria em suas reservas naturais de √°gua, na fauna e na flora, √≠mpares em todo o mundo, que em breve ocupar√£o o lugar do petr√≥leo na lista de desejos dos l√≠deres pol√≠ticos de todos os pa√≠ses. O Brasil ficaria em 5¬ļ lugar no ranking das maiores economias do mundo em 2050.

A R√ļssia desempenharia papel parecido ao do Brasil, fornecendo mat√©ria-prima e abasteceria a grande popula√ß√£o dos BRICs com sua grande produ√ß√£o agropecu√°ria devido √† seu extenso territ√≥rio. Mas teria tamb√©m como papel a exporta√ß√£o de m√£o-de-obra altamente qualificada e tecnologia de ponta herdadas da Guerra Fria. Al√©m de todo seu poderio militar. Sem contar o fato de que a R√ļssia continuaria a ser uma importante fornecedora de hidrocarbonetos para o mundo.

A √ćndia ter√° a maior m√©dia de crescimento entre os BRICs e estima-se que em 2050 esteja no 3¬ļ lugar no ranking das economias mundiais, atr√°s apenas de China (em 1¬ļ) e EUA (em 2¬ļ). Com sua grande popula√ß√£o, a ind√ļstria ficaria situada neste pa√≠s, e tamb√©m por ter grandes investimentos na profissionaliza√ß√£o de sua popula√ß√£o e investimentos em tecnologia, al√©m de toda sua tradi√ß√£o nas ci√™ncias exatas. Com tamb√©m grande poderio militar.

Estima-se que a China seja em 2050 a maior economia mundial, tendo como base seu acelerado crescimento econ√īmico sustentado durante todo in√≠cio do s√©culo XXI. Ter√° grande concentra√ß√£o de ind√ļstria devido √† sua popula√ß√£o e tecnologia. Tamb√©m com grande poderio militar. A China se encontra atualmente num processo de transi√ß√£o do capitalismo de Estado para o capitalismo de mercado que j√° dever√° estar completo em 2050, mas ainda n√£o se sabe se o governo ir√° continuar totalitarista ou se a China ir√° evoluir completamente para um pa√≠s democr√°tico aos moldes ocidentais impostos pelos Estados Unidos ap√≥s a Guerra Fria.

Nada se sabe ao certo sobre o futuro dos BRICs, pois todos os pa√≠ses est√£o vulner√°veis a conflitos internos, governos corruptos e revolu√ß√Ķes populares, mas se nada de anormal acontecer iremos presenciar o in√≠cio de uma era totalmente diferente de tudo que j√° aconteceu ao decorrer da hist√≥ria das na√ß√Ķes. O in√≠cio de um mundo totalmente apolarizado, onde desapareceria por completo a id√©ia de “norte rico, sul pobre”. Onde todos os pa√≠ses se contrabalan√ßariam. Juntos, os BRICs teriam um poder inigual√°vel, comandados pelo drag√£o chin√™s. E quem sabe o in√≠cio de uma revolu√ß√£o dos pa√≠ses africanos a fim de finalmente renascerem perante o mundo e o in√≠cio de uma unifica√ß√£o mundial, a verdadeira globaliza√ß√£o.

Finalmente, por conta da popularidade da teoria do banco Goldman Sachs, cogita-se ainda outras siglas, como BRIMC (Brasil, R√ļssia, √ćndia, M√©xico e China) e BRICS (Brasil, R√ļssia, √ćndia, China e √Āfrica do Sul), incluindo M√©xico e √Āfrica do Sul como na√ß√Ķes com igual potencial de crescimento nas pr√≥ximas d√©cadas.

 http://risingpowers.stanleyfoundation.org/

http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_

http://risingpowers.foreignpolicyblogs.com/

EMERALD NECKLACE PARTY

DSC08050_edited-2

DSC08056_edited-1

2009 05 13 003

DSC08054_edited-3DSC08063

Adriana Sassoon, Tonya Mezrick , Sinesia

The Emerald Necklace Conservancy was created to protect, restore, maintain and promote the landscape, waterways and parkways of the Emerald Necklace park system as special places for people to visit and enjoy.

The Conservancy’s programs and funding support and complement initiatives by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, City of Boston and Town of Brookline who began the Necklace’s restoration in the 1980s.

Riverway_2___

Our programs focus on:

  • parks restoration and maintenance
  • public education including presentations, exhibits and publications
  • constituency-building and park advocacy
  • volunteer and other activities which promote parks stewardship
  • improvement of public access to and through the park system, among other activities.

A public-private partnership, the Conservancy was formed in 1996 and incorporated in 1998 as a non-profit organization. Our organization brings together government, business, residential and institutional representatives, community leaders and organizations, and environmental and park advocates in support of the Olmsted legacy. President Julie Crockford and the staff work closely with the Board of Directors, the Park Overseers (representing all of the parks and friends groups within the Emerald Necklace), the Stewardship Council, and hundreds of volunteers to accomplish our mission.

Join us in the continued renewal of an historic landscape, and an environmental and cultural treasure that is:

  • a place to join together in celebration
  • a backyard for our children
  • a special wildlife habitat
  • a boost to our area’s economy
  • a source of serenity and renewal

Emerald_Necklace_Map___

Hopeline registration with the Boston Youth Fund is closed for the year, but students ages 15 – 17 that are interested in becoming members of the Green Team can still apply through the Emerald Necklace Conservancy.

Please see the Green Team page for more information about the 2008 program.

These are paid positions. You will be expected to work 25 hours a week and attend work every day of the program unless excused. Once again you must be between the ages of 15 and 17.

Interested applicants should contact Kate England at kengland@emeraldnecklace.org with your:

As well as a cover letter telling us about your interest in the environment and the Green Team.

Please feel free to contact Kate England at the Conservancy with any questions.

Kate England
891 Centre Street
Jamaica Plain, MA 02130
617-522-2700
kengland@emeraldnecklace.org

Green_Team_Group_Picture

WWW.EMERALDNECKLACE.ORG

 

*Beautiful flowers and great food. I have to confess the Police Horses took my attention. They were the Starlight of the event for me. We have to support the future of Horses, by keeping the Emerald Necklace Alive. The Emerald Necklace was created to protect, restore, maintain and promote the landscape, waterways and parkways but the most important are the Bridle Paths. Support the Emerald Necklace Conservancy and ensure that the landscape, Bridle Paths and waterways are maintained for years to come.

Too much, clutter all I could see was Hats. All together Visual Pollution. Please Ladies. ‚ÄúLess is more‚ÄĚ a basic phrase.

COMMUNITY BOATING

5

Copyright © 2009 ADRIANA SASSOON .All Rights Reserved.

LEARN ABOUT SAILING ON THE CHARLES RIVER AT COMMUNITY BOATING INC. (CBI). Sailing on the Charles River is without a doubt one of those iconic Boston experiences and it has never been easier to get started. Join¬†CBI¬†. Open House to learn more about Boston’s greatest resource for sailing, windsurfing, and kayaking.

Complimentary Orientations, Rigging classes, or Shore School, and meet the staff and some of the dedicated volunteer instructors.CBI serve light refreshments. The adult full year membership cost only $240 and includes use of boats, equipment and all classes.

For the experienced dinghy sailor they have a great fleet of 420s, Lasers, and windsurfers and a full summer schedule of racing and advanced clinics.

 Copyright © 2009 ADRIANA SASSOON .All Rights Reserved.

 

WWW.COMMUNITY-BOATING.ORG