PHEROMONES AND SEXUAL ATTRACTION
A pheromone (from Greek φέρω phero “to bear” + hormone from Greek ὁρμή – “impetus”) is a chemical signal that triggers a natural response in another member of the same species. There are alarm pheromones, food trail pheromones, sex pheromones, and many others that affect behavior or physiology. Their use among insects has been particularly well documented. In addition, some vertebrates and plants communicate by using pheromones.
Do Human Pheromones Really Exist?
What is it that attracts people to each other? Nice hair? Big muscles? Body scent? Recent studies have shown that the cause of such sexual attractions could be airborne chemicals called pheromones, airborne and odorless molecules “emitted by an individual and cause changes in physiology and or behavior of another individual”
Research strongly suggests the presence of chemicals that cause changes in non-conscious behavior. In my research, I mostly found information that discussed scents that females produce that attract males or offspring, such as copulins, or chemicals that affect the menstrual cycle. This is interesting because it supports the old stereotype that in nature males search out females as mates and not vice versa. The existence of the VNO in females might suggest otherwise, but it should be a topic for greater research. I was also a bit wary of the studies that involved the rating of physical attractiveness, simply because attractiveness is so relative. In any case, my research suggests that sexual receptivity is based on more than attractiveness of physical features.
SCENTS & PERFUMES
Pheromones are incredibly powerful things, and not many people know that there are human pheromones involved in sexual attraction. That is right there are actually human pheromones to attract the opposite sex, meaning that there are certain pheromones that are already in your body which are able to make the opposite sex attracted to you.
There are actually several different human pheromones involved in sexual attraction and one of these is simply a person’s body odor. This does not mean that it has to smell bad, but studies have been done where the participants wore clothes with no perfume, deodorant, or any other manufactured smell put on.
In the end of these studies, members of the opposite sex were told to smell the clothing that was worn by the opposite sex, and for the majority of the time, the comments were incredibly positive. Therefore, although we all tend to use some sort of perfume, cologne, body spray, and so on, it is actually our own personal pheromones that sexually attract people to us.
However, it is not all that often when others can actually smell our pheromones, because we are covering that smell up constantly with other materialized odors and sprays. However, there are exceptions to the rule. For instance, when women are menstruating, it is said that their body gives off stronger pheromones that attract men more than any other time of the month.
For men, the same type of rule applies, only it is considered that when they are sweating — such as after a long workout — when they have the most human pheromones that are coming off of them, and thus when women react the most attracted to them.
Human pheromones are truly fascinating because it is not so much an overly powerful or even noticeable smell, but rather pheromones are basically subconsciously taken in. Although we cannot necessarily smell them enough to realize what we are smelling, we are instantly attracted to members of the opposite smell when they are emitting their actual pheromones.
There have been attempts over the years to create perfumes and body sprays that actually smell like human pheromones, and the popularity of these items is increasing day by day.
WHAT IS APHRODISIAC ?
Aphrodisiac comes from Aphrodite the Greek goddess of sensuality.
Aphrodisiac can be food, smell, drinks and everything which remind you for good past moments.
Now it’s modern for us to use perfumes with aphrodisiac – pheromones. These perfumes attract the people, so if you wear a perfume with aphrodisiacs you will have a lot of success in your sexual life.
Scents have a powerful affect when it comes to romance. The memory of a scent of a romantic partner can stay with us long after the romance is gone — so much so that when we run across the scent years later, we’re immediately taken back with a flood of feelings and memories. Does that mean that scent is an aphrodisiac?
In a way, yes, in that scent can evoke desires — but typically not in an otherwise unwilling partner. For example, Alan R. Hirsch, MD, neurological director of the Smell and Taste Treatment and Research Foundation in Chicago, conducted a study that looked at how different smells stimulated sexual arousal. He found that several scents were effective — some more than others. The smell of cheese pizza, for instance, increased blood flow to the penis by 5 percent, buttered popcorn by 9 percent, and lavender and pumpkin pie each by 40 percent. For women, lavender and pumpkin pie also had a stimulating effect; however, the smell of Good & Plenty® (licorice) combined with the scent of cucumber created the greatest increase in blood flow to the vagina.
Human pheromones, which still carry some weight in the field of love research, may actually create sexual interest. The word “pheromone” comes from the Greek words pherein and hormone, meaning “excitement carrier.”
In the animal world, pheromones are individual scent “prints” found in urine or sweat that dictate sexual behavior and attract the opposite sex. They help animals identify each other and choose a mate with an immune system different enough from their own to ensure healthy offspring. They have a special organ in their noses called the vomeronasal organ (VNO) that detects this odorless chemical.
Scientists at the Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia and its counterpart in France discovered the existence of human pheromones in 1986. They found these chemicals in human sweat. A human VNO has also been found in some, but not all, people. Even if the VNO isn’t present in all of us — and may not be working in those who do have it — there is still evidence that smell is an important aspect of love (note the booming perfume industry). Researchers conducted an informal experiment using identical twins. Both twins sat at a bar for an evening, and one of them was sprayed with manufactured pheromones. The result was that the twin who got the pheromone boost was approached three times more often than the twin who didn’t.
Music can set the mood, carry the mood and ruin the mood. What appears to be the most effective element of music is the memory we associate with it. If you have fond memories of slow dancing to a special song with someone you loved in the past, it’s a good bet that same song will have an effect on you later in life. After all, the dance is a bit of a mating ritual that most of us have experienced at some point in our lives.
Not only is it good for your health, but it’s also good for your sex life. According to Discovery Health, the aphrodisiac qualities of exercise are associated with the endorphins that are released in the brain with vigorous activity — like the runner’s high. Endorphins are those “feel good” chemicals. Other aphrodisiac affects of exercise come from exercises that increase blood flow to the genitals. These exercises position the body in various ways that stimulate blood flow and can improve sexual abilities and desire.
Exercise and building muscle mass usually increases testosterone levels, too, which may be another reason why exercise increases sex drive.
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