BAUHAUS & MUSIC

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The Bauhaus was initially supported and funded by the Weimar Government, but in 1925, the support was withdrawn and the School moved to Dessau. In Dessau, the Bauhaus used many of its ‘modernist’ principles to design functional housing for the Government. In 1932, the Bauhaus moved to Berlin. Bauhaus was a front due to the numbers of Russian artists, including Kandinsky, who were a part of the Bauhaus. In 1933, in accordance with other acts to shut down all non-Aryan forms of artistic expression, the Bauhaus was closed. This was the same year than many Jewish Professors and Directors were removed from University Positions and Government appointments in the arts, including the Opera and Symphony houses and Museums.

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The Bauhaus, Arts, flourished, and its influence in design and building are still felt: it was a major moving force behind design and concept in ‘pop’ art of the 1950s and ’60s, and influenced the design of furniture and even utensils in the ‘modern’ styles which are designed to be aesthetically pleasing and utterly streamlined in function. (the computer lingo of ‘user-friendly’ would be appropriate.) Those who founded and influenced the Bauhaus continued in their own right. Kandinsky greatly influenced a form of expressionism called, “Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)” , Klee went onto become an internationally respected painter and muralist, and Gropius’s influence in architecture was felt into the 60s in the United States. Hitler was able to stop the ‘institution’ of the Bauhaus, but his censorship probably only served to further the Bauhaus Concept and Influence, as many rallied to its cause, in support of Artistic Freedom.

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 REFERENCES & LINKS

The Bauhaus Museum
The Bauhaus
Der Blaue-Reiter: The Blue Rider School
Kandinsky GermanCulture.com: Bauhaus

When Gropius founded the Bauhaus, a School for Art, Design, and Architecture, he wanted to create an environment of experimentation and synthesis. The Bauhaus represented both a school and place, where Art, Form, Music and Design were to be seen in juxtaposition to one another, in what we now refer to as a ‘holistic’ approach. The Bauhaus gave free reign also to the school of Expressionism and others such as Dadaism and Cubism. Artists such as Klee, Dix and Klindinsky sought to incorporate in new art forms, classical and contemporary music, mysticism and religious beliefs and for some like Klindinsky, occultism in the form of Theosophy;The Bauhaus offered one common unique agenda: that form in art was not fixed, and that ideas were as central to art as technique: this central principle encompassed the arts in their fullness and was applied to every discipline from architecture to sculpture, although the combination of craftsman and artist particulary in Architecture remained its central focus.

The Bauhaus was initially supported and funded by the Weimar Government, but in 1925, the support was withdrawn and the School moved to Dessau. In Dessau, the Bauhaus used many of its ‘modernist’ principles to design functional housing for the Government. In 1933, in accordance with other acts to shut down all non-Aryan forms of artistic expression, the Bauhaus was closed. This was the same year than many Professors and Directors were removed from University Positions and Government appointments in the arts, including the Opera and Symphony houses and Museums.

The  Arts, flourished, and its influence in design and building are still felt: it was a major moving force behind design and concept in ‘pop’ art of the 1950s and ’60s, and influenced the design of furniture and even utensils in the ‘modern’ styles which are designed to be aesthetically pleasing and utterly streamlined in function. (the computer lingo of ‘user-friendly’ would be appropriate.) Those who founded and influenced the Bauhaus continued in their own right. Kandinsky greatly influenced a form of expressionism called, “Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)” , Klee went onto become an internationally respected painter and muralist, and Gropius’s influence in architecture was felt into the 60s in the United States.

www.musicara.de

Walter Gropius, Founder of the Bauhaus

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Born: May 18, 1883 in Berlin, Germany

Died: July 5, 1969

Full Name: Walter Adolph Gropius

Education: Technical Universities in Münich and Berlin

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Gropius House, Lincoln, MA, 1938

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Selected Works:

·         1910-1911: Fagus Works, Alfred an der Leine, Germany

·         1925: The Bauhaus Building, Dessau, Germany

·         1937: Gropius House, Lincoln, MA

·         1950: Harvard Graduate Center, Cambridge, MA

·         1963: Pan Am Building, in collaboration with Pietro Belluschi, New York

Best Known For:

Walter Gropius was a German architect and art educator who founded the Bauhaus school of design, which became a dominant force in architecture and the applied arts in the 20th century. Gropius taught that all design should be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. The Bauhaus school pioneered a functional, severely simple architectural style, featuring the elimination of surface decoration and extensive use of glass.

The Bauhaus school attracted many artists, including painters Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky, graphic artist Käthe Kollwitz, and expressionist art groups such as Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter.

Related People:

When Gropius resigned from the Bauhaus School in 1928, architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became the next director. Other influential Bauhaus architects included:

·         Le Corbusier

·         Richard Neutra

·         Philip Johnson

More About Walter Gropius:

Although Gropius is best known for the Bauhaus style, his architectural reputation was first established when, working with Adolph Meyer, he designed the Fagus Works (1910-1911) and the office building for the Werkbund exhibition in Cologne (1914).

After several years in England, Gropius began teaching architecture at Harvard University. As a Harvard professor, Gropius introduced Bauhaus concepts and design principles – teamwork standardization, and prefabrication – to a generation of American architects.

Between 1938 to 1941, Gropius worked on several houses with Marcel Breuer. They formed the Architects Collaborative in 1945. Among their commissions were the Harvard Graduate Center (1946), the U.S. Embassy in Athens and the University of Baghdad. One of Gropius’s later designs, in collaboration with Pietro Belluschi, was the Pam Am Building (now the Metropolitan Life Building) in New York City.

Architecture Resources

Picture Dictionary of Modern ArchitectureWorld’s Tallest BuildingsArt Moderne House Style

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