BAUHAUS & MUSIC

BAUHAUS & MUSIC

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The Bauhaus was initially supported and funded by the Weimar Government, but in 1925, the support was withdrawn and the School moved to Dessau. In Dessau, the Bauhaus used many of its ‘modernist’ principles to design functional housing for the Government. In 1932, the Bauhaus moved to Berlin. Bauhaus was a front due to the numbers of Russian artists, including Kandinsky, who were a part of the Bauhaus. In 1933, in accordance with other acts to shut down all non-Aryan forms of artistic expression, the Bauhaus was closed. This was the same year than many Jewish Professors and Directors were removed from University Positions and Government appointments in the arts, including the Opera and Symphony houses and Museums.

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The Bauhaus, Arts, flourished, and its influence in design and building are still felt: it was a major moving force behind design and concept in ‘pop’ art of the 1950s and ’60s, and influenced the design of furniture and even utensils in the ‘modern’ styles which are designed to be aesthetically pleasing and utterly streamlined in function. (the computer lingo of ‘user-friendly’ would be appropriate.) Those who founded and influenced the Bauhaus continued in their own right. Kandinsky greatly influenced a form of expressionism called, “Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)” , Klee went onto become an internationally respected painter and muralist, and Gropius’s influence in architecture was felt into the 60s in the United States. Hitler was able to stop the ‘institution’ of the Bauhaus, but his censorship probably only served to further the Bauhaus Concept and Influence, as many rallied to its cause, in support of Artistic Freedom.

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 REFERENCES & LINKS

The Bauhaus Museum
The Bauhaus
Der Blaue-Reiter: The Blue Rider School
Kandinsky GermanCulture.com: Bauhaus

When Gropius founded the Bauhaus, a School for Art, Design, and Architecture, he wanted to create an environment of experimentation and synthesis. The Bauhaus represented both a school and place, where Art, Form, Music and Design were to be seen in juxtaposition to one another, in what we now refer to as a ‘holistic’ approach. The Bauhaus gave free reign also to the school of Expressionism and others such as Dadaism and Cubism. Artists such as Klee, Dix and Klindinsky sought to incorporate in new art forms, classical and contemporary music, mysticism and religious beliefs and for some like Klindinsky, occultism in the form of Theosophy;The Bauhaus offered one common unique agenda: that form in art was not fixed, and that ideas were as central to art as technique: this central principle encompassed the arts in their fullness and was applied to every discipline from architecture to sculpture, although the combination of craftsman and artist particulary in Architecture remained its central focus.

The Bauhaus was initially supported and funded by the Weimar Government, but in 1925, the support was withdrawn and the School moved to Dessau. In Dessau, the Bauhaus used many of its ‘modernist’ principles to design functional housing for the Government. In 1933, in accordance with other acts to shut down all non-Aryan forms of artistic expression, the Bauhaus was closed. This was the same year than many Professors and Directors were removed from University Positions and Government appointments in the arts, including the Opera and Symphony houses and Museums.

The  Arts, flourished, and its influence in design and building are still felt: it was a major moving force behind design and concept in ‘pop’ art of the 1950s and ’60s, and influenced the design of furniture and even utensils in the ‘modern’ styles which are designed to be aesthetically pleasing and utterly streamlined in function. (the computer lingo of ‘user-friendly’ would be appropriate.) Those who founded and influenced the Bauhaus continued in their own right. Kandinsky greatly influenced a form of expressionism called, “Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)” , Klee went onto become an internationally respected painter and muralist, and Gropius’s influence in architecture was felt into the 60s in the United States.

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